rule
For all numbers x and all integers m and n,
rulepower
pppic

When you raise a power to a power,
you MULTIPLY
the exponents.

When in doubt, expand the terms (as shown at the right) to see what is happening.

pp1

pp2

4s

Examples:

1.  (52)5 = 510
Power raised to a power → multiply the exponents.
2.  (1.24)5 = 1.220
Decimal base: Power raised to a power → multiply the exponents.

3.  ((-10)3)5 = (-10)15
Negative number base: Power raised to a power → multiply the exponents.

4.  12haf
Fraction base: Power raised to a power → multiply the exponents.
5.  6negg
One of the exponents is negative. Still follow the rule and multiply the exponents. Be careful of the sign. In this case a positive number times a negative number gives a negative number.
6.  (a4)3 = a12
Variable base: Power raised to a power → multiply the exponents.
7.  (2x)y= 2xy
Power raised to a power → multiply the exponents.
8.  (x2)x+2 = x2x+4
Power raised to a power → multiply the exponents.

 

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